Survey of the Bible: Exodus

Survey of the Bible: Exodus


Text: Hebrews 12:18-29

 

I.         The book of Exodus takes its name from the primary story told within: The exit of the Children of Israel from the land of Egypt

            A.        The name comes from a transliteration of the name of the book in the Greek Septuagint

            B.        It is a book written by Moses and Moses is the central figure throughout the book

                        1.         Attested to by Jesus - Mark 12:26 quoting Exodus 3:6

            C.        It begins over 400 years after Jacob and his family moved into Egypt (Exodus 12:40-41)

II.        There are six main events

            A.        The Bondage of Israel - Exodus 1-2

                        1.         Slavery - Exodus 1

                        2.         The First 80 years of Moses Life - Exodus 2

            B.        The Deliverance of Israel - Exodus 3-12

                        1.         The Call of Moses - Exodus 3-4

                        2.         The Demand to Release Israel and Pharaoh’s Response - Exodus 5-6

                        3.         The Ten Plagues - Exodus 7-12

            C.        The Initial Trial of Israel - Exodus 13-17

                        1.         Crossing the Red Sea - Exodus 13-14

                        2.         Journey through the Wilderness - Exodus 15-17

            D.        The Organizing of Israel - Exodus 18-31

                        1.         Jethro’s advice on organizing the leadership - Exodus 18

                        2.         The giving of the law - Exodus 19-24

                        3.         Directions for building the tabernacle - Exodus 25-27

                        4.         The appointment of the High Priest - Exodus 28

                        5.         Directions for duties in the tabernacle - Exodus 29-30

                        6.         Appointment of the builder of the tabernacle and keeping the Sabbath day - Exodus 31

            E.        Worship of the Golden Calf - Exodus 32

            F.        The Journey Resumes - Exodus 33-40

                        1.         God’s Rejection and Forgiveness of Israel Exodus 33

                        2.         A new copy of the laws and rules about keeping the feasts - Exodus 34

                        3.         Construction of the Tabernacle - Exodus 35-40

III.       Purpose

            A.        Defines who are the Israelites

                        1.         Where they had come from and how they became a nation

                        2.         Defines the type of people they are

                                    a.         Complainers - Exodus 16:2-3

                                    b.         Idolaters - Exodus 32:7-8

                                    c.         In other words, we still see men as sinners

            B.        Even heroes sin

                        1.         Moses not circumcising his son - Exodus 4:24-26

                        2.         Aaron making the idol - Exodus 32:1-6

            C.        The responsibility of sin - Exodus 32:31-35

                        1.         The justice of God - Exodus 34:6-7

            D.        Shows that God can redeem a people for His own

                        1.         Introduces the idea that a substitute is needed, the Passover lamb - Exodus 12:3-13

                                    a.         Unblemished with no bones broken

                        2.         The bringing of Israel out of Egypt

                        3.         The care of them by sending manna and bringing forth water

IV.      Types Seen in Exodus - I Corinthians 10:1-4

            A.        The land of Egypt - A type of sin

                        1.         In bondage - Micah 6:4; Romans 6:17-18

                        2.         Saved - Jude 5

            B.        Pharaoh - A type of Satan

                        1.         Counterfeit religion in the form of magicians who appeared to do some of the miracles – II Corinthians 11:14-15; II Thessalonians 2:9-12

            C.        The children of Israel - A type of the Christian

            D.        Moses - A type of Christ

                        1.         Had wealth but chose poverty - Hebrews 11:24-25; II Corinthians 8:9

                        2.         But Christ had the greater glory - Hebrews 3:1-6

                        3.         Miracles to prove his message was from God

                        4.         Brought to being a new law - Joshua 8:31-32; Galatians 6:2

            E.        The Passover - A type of the crucifixion

                        1.         Christ is our Passover - I Corinthians 5:7

                        2.         When the blood is seen, death passes over - Exodus 12:31; Ephesians 1:7

            F.        The Crossing of the Red Sea - A type of Baptism

                        1.         Leaving sin - Romans 6:3-7

            G.        The building of the tabernacle – the importance in following the pattern - Exodus 25:40; Hebrews 8:5-6