A New Heaven and Earth


I.         A new heaven and earth appears- Revelation 21:1-8

            A.        The old has passed away

                        1.         II Peter 3:7-13

            B.        The sea no longer exists. The people are no longer separated from God

                        1.         Rev 4:6 - separated God’s people from the throne

                        2.         Rev 15:2 - The martyrs stood on the sea, approaching God

                        3.         Now, the sea is gone. Free access to God is available.

II.        The bride comes from heaven

            A.        The new Jerusalem

                        1.         As earlier mentioned in Rev 3:12

                        2.         Jerusalem was the capital of old Israel.

                        3.         The church has become the Jerusalem of this age - Gal 4:25-26, Hebrews 12:22

                        4.         Heb 13:14 - Here is not a lasting city

                        5.         Now a new Jerusalem comes.

            B.        Adorned as a bride

                        1.         Purity - Eph 5:25-27

                        2.         Details are given later

III.       God announces that no longer will he be separate from men

            A.        The separation that started with the sin of Adam is now at an end

            B.        All the consequences of sin are removed because sin is gone

                        1.         Death no longer exists, it was destroyed - Rev 20:14

            C.        The great beauty of these things are because these people have overcome.

                        1.         The inheritance is given - Matt 19:29, 25:34, Heb 1:14

            D.        The rest, those caught up in sin will suffer the second death

IV.      The new Jerusalem is revealed - Revelation 21:9-27

            A.        The vision shifts from a beautiful bride to a holy city. John gets a bird’s eye view, like Moses seeing the promise land.

            B.        Since God is light and the city is holy, everything used to describe the city is bright and clear.

                        1.         There is no shadow of darkness here. Nothing is separated from the glory of God.

            C.        There are twelve gates, three in each direction

                        1.         Like city in Ezekiel’s vision - Ezekiel 48:30-35

                        2.         However, different from Ezekiel’s. Ezekiel’s were for exit. John’s is for entrance - II Peter 1:11

            D.        It is founded on the twelve apostles - Eph 2:19-22

            E.        John is invited to measure the city

                        1.         Prior he measured the temple, the church, with an ordinary reed - Rev 11:1

                        2.         Now he is given a golden reed to measure the holy city

                        3.         The size is staggering: 12,000 furlongs in length, depth, and height

                                    a.         A furlong is 1/8 of a mile

                                    b.         Each dimension of the city is 1,500 miles or half-way across the US.

                        4.         The wall is 144 cubits (about 218 feet) in height. Huge, but insignificant in comparison to the city. It is not a defensive wall because all enemies have been destroyed.

            F.        The beauty is hard to fathom - I Cor 2:9

                        1.         Contrast to the ugly beauty of the great harlot - Revelation 18:18

            G.        The gates never close - again, no need for defense when there are no enemies

            H.        No sin can enter

V.        Inside the city - Revelation 22:1-5

            A.        A river of living water flows from the throne of God

                        1.         This goes back to Jesus’ discussions - John 4:10-11, 7:38

                        2.         It is unpolluted and gives life to those who drink

                        3.         The image is similar to rivers seen by Old Testament prophets

                                    a.         Ezekiel 47:1-12

                                    b.         Joel 3:18

                                    c.         Zechariah 14:8

            B.        Lining the banks of the river is the tree of life

                        1.         The phrase is awkward in Greek because it is a singular tree, but appearing on both sides.

                        2.         Indicating easy access

                        3.         It refers to the tree removed from mankind when they sinned - Genesis 2:9, 3:22

                        4.         The lost paradise of the Garden of Eden has been restored to man.

            C.        The curse on man is lifted

                        1.         Curses pronounce in judgement on man’s sins - Gen 3:14-19

                        2.         Referred to in Zech 14:11

            D.        God’s face is no longer hidden from us - I John 3:2

            E.        The length of this kingdom is without end.